Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.
You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. Hypertension clinical trials, like those at CNS Healthcare, can help you explore new treatment options. Interested in trying a new treatment at no cost? Find out more about enrolling hypertension clinical trials available by selecting one of the below locations near you. Use the form on the page to schedule a free, in-office consultation to find out if a clinical trial is right for you.
Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. A blood pressure reading is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It has two numbers:
• Top number (systolic pressure) – The first, or upper number, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
• Bottom number (diastolic pressure) – The second, or lower number, measures the pressure in your arteries between beats.
Hypertension has many risks factors, including:
• Family history
• Being overweight or obese
• Not being physically active
• Using tobacco
• Too much salt in your diet
• Drinking too much alcohol
• Certain chronic conditions like kidney disease, diabetes and sleep apnea
Most people with hypertension have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
A few people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe life-threatening stage.