Alopecia is a condition that causes hair to fall out in small patches, which can be unnoticeable. These patches may connect, however, and then become noticeable. The condition develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. Sudden hair loss may occur on the scalp, and in some cases the eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other parts of the body. It can also develop slowly and recur after years between instances.
There’s currently no cure for alopecia. However, there are treatments that may help hair grow back more quickly and that can prevent future hair loss, as well as unique ways to cover up the hair loss. Resources are also available to help people cope with stress related to hair loss.
Alopecia clinical trials, like those at CNS Healthcare, can help you explore new options. Interested in trying a new alopecia treatment at no cost? Find out more about enrolling Alopecia clinical trials available by selecting one of the below locations near you. Use the form on the page to schedule a free, in-office consultation to find out if an alopecia trial is right for you.
Alopecia is an autoimmune condition. An autoimmune condition develops when the immune system mistakes healthy cells for foreign substances. Normally, the immune system defends your body against foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria.
If you have alopecia, however, your immune system mistakenly attacks your hair follicles. Hair follicles are the structures from which hairs grow. The follicles become smaller and stop producing hair, leading to hair loss. Researchers don’t know the exact cause of this condition.
However, it most often occurs in people who have a family history of other autoimmune conditions, such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. This is why some scientists suspect that genetics may contribute to the development of alopecia.
They also believe that certain factors in the environment are needed to trigger alopecia areata in people who are genetically predisposed to it.
Alopecia signs and symptoms may include: